Day old chicks after hatching and very delicate at that instant and are very susceptible to any kind of disease or danger. when day old chicks are hatched they start to feel cold because of the fluid in the egg that was protect them and serving as a shock absorbent in the egg. The chicks should be given proper attention for everything that they will need to survive, the chicks hatched will be new to the environment where they were hatched and will need you the farmer to protect them at all cost to enable them survive in this new environment. Some few steps to follow on how to receive day old chicks are described below:
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Provide brooder house and equipment:
After the chicks are hatched you will need to provide housing equipment and facilities necessary to keep them warm and protect them against predators. Provide hoovers and heaters including kerosene lanterns or electric bulbs or charcoal stove with wire around it used to provide heat and light. Put clean water in waterers and fill the feeders. The temperature should be about 350C.
Clean old equipment:
If the brooder house and equipment have been used, then clean them. Make necessary repairs to the house and equipment. Remove also old litter, sweep wall,ceiling, floor to remove dirt and dust, and then scrub with water and disinfect with strong disinfectants such as izal or forrmalin. Allow the house and equipment to dry; spread litter (wood shavings or sawdust) about 5cm deep on the floor; install and test the brooder equipment.
Count the number:
Make sure you count the number of chicks to see how many were hatched and how many left to be hatched. Dip the beak of each one into the water to be sure that it gets a drink, add glucose in the water to supply instant energy. You will also need to provide vaccines and drugs. Vaccinate them for Marek’s disease if this has has not been done in the hatchery.
Watch the chicks:
Watch the chicks for at least 2 hours and remove those obviously ill. When you vaccinate them and within that 2 hour period some of the chicks still look ill remove them and isolate them to prevent any disease spread to the rest.
Correct brooder temperature by means of chicks behavior. If they huddle close to the heat source, then it is too cold; if they move away from the heat source, then it is too hot. You will have to make sure to be checking the temperature of the brooder house. In case there are variable changes in the environment too.
Feed and water should be made available all the time for the chicks to feed. Do not wait for them to finish feeding before you give them the next batch of feed. When they finish feeding and feed is not made available they start getting starved and. Growing will not be as you expected it to be.