citrus trees ~ While lemon trees can tolerate a range of soils, including poor soil, most prefer well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Lemon trees should be set slightly higher than ground.
Lemons are more cold-sensitive than all other citrus trees.
Due to this cold sensitivity, lemon trees should be planted near the south side of the home. Lemon trees need protection from frost. Growing them near the house should help with this.Lemon tree also require full sunlight for adequate growth.
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citrus trees – Ecology And Climatic Requirements of Lemon Tree:
Place the tree in the hole and replace soil, tamping firmly as you go. Water sufficiently and add some mulch to help retain moisture. Lemon trees require deep watering once weekly. If necessary , pruning trees thrive within a normal temperature range of about 70 F. (21 C.) throughout the day and 55 F. (13 C.) at night.
Keep in mind that they will usually go into dormancy when temperatures fall below 55 F. (13 C.) Lemon trees require lots of light; therefore, they may need to be supplemented with fluorescent grow lights during winter.
Lemon trees can be placed outdoors during warm period , which is also recommended in order to increase their chances of bearing fruit. When you grow a lemon tree indoors, bees and other insects are unable to pollinate them. Therefore, you should place them outdoors during summer
It needs well-drained, slightly acidic soil
citrus trees – Varieties of Lemon :
Sour lemon tree varieties , Sweet lemons , Sour pucker lemon types , Why are lemons sour?
Fruit flavor any fruit is determined by a delicate balancing act between acids and sugars as the fruit develops and ripens. This is mainly programmed by genetics but is helped along by climate and cultural influences.
A sweet fruit
It contains more sugars than acids. Even though you don’t notice the acids in a sweet fruit, you would miss them if they were not present. The fruit would be bland or insipid.
A sour fruit is balanced more to the acid side.
Sweet and sour lemons are the same with a small but significant difference.
All lemons are sour.
But some lemons are a lot less sour than others. These are called sweet lemons for the purpose of distinguishing them from the more acid types.
Lemons are sour because they develop more acids and less sugars than sweet citrus fruits.
Sour lemon juice is more useful than sweet orange juice.
Both make refreshing drinks. Both are used in cooking and baking. But lemon juice has cleansing and disinfecting properties that its sweet sister does not. Furthermore, the unique health benefits of lemon juice are contained in both sour and sweet lemon juice.
the Eureka lemon is 1 of the 2 most popular sour lemon varieties in the world. (The Lisbon lemon is the other.)
There are 2 kinds of Eureka lemons: the pink Eureka variegated lemon and the plain yellow.
citrus trees – Lisbon Lemon
The Lisbon lemon is the most widely sold lemon variety in the world. It is the sour lemon most often carried by U.S. supermarkets.
Its only rival for top spot is the similar Eureka lemon.
The pink lemons produced by the variegated pink Eureka lemon tree will supply you with pitchers of pink lemonade all summer.
The lemon of pink lemonade fame has a bumpy green and yellow striped rind. Only the flesh is pink.
citrus trees – Site Selection:
lemon tree require great deals of sunlight so shaded locations are generally not suitable for planting citrus trees. From the standpoint of soil, the ideal is well-drained sandy loam. However, these trees will grow in a variety of soils providing that drainage is good.
It is important to ensure that when planting your new citrus tree that it receives a good fertilization using a fertilizer formulated specifically for citrus trees, as well as a beneficial citrus mycorrhizal fungus treatment so as to help the roots take up and metabolize the nutrients in the soil
Many people spend lots of money on lovely plants, only to take them home, dig a hole the same size as the pot, jam them in and then wonder why they don’t grow. Good soil preparation is the secret to any great garden.
Firstly always remove any grass or weeds from the area. Then dig the soil over, breaking it up as you go. If the soil is hard and clay , add gypsum. To enrich the soil add compost or garden mix, well rotted manures, organic matter, top soil, etc.
Incorporate any or a combination of these through the soil by continually digging it over to at least the depth of a spade. Water thoroughly as you turn this through the soil. You should end up with nice friable soil, like a veggie garden, ideal for your young citrus tree.
citrus trees – Lemon Seeds Treatments:
Here Are The Four Steps For Treating Your Lemon Seeds:
- Remove coating of the seeds
- Put in wet paper towel (completely covered), inside a plastic bag in a warm place
- Plant them
Propagating for Lemon Tree Cultivation Many lemon trees are container-grown, purchased straight from the nursery.
However, they can be propagated through cuttings, air layering and seed. The variety usually dictates the best method used; yet, different people see different results using different methods.
Therefore, it’s best to find the method that works for you. The majority find it easier to propagate lemons by rooting large cuttings. While seeds can be used, the seedlings are usually slow to bear.
When choosing to grow from seeds, allow them to dry out for a week or two.
Once dried, plant the seeds about an inch deep in good potting soil and cover with clear plastic wrap. Set the pot in a sunny location and wait for it to reach 6 to 12 inches before transplanting outdoors or to another pot
citrus trees – Nursery Preparations of Lemon Tree
Pour some soil into a large bucket and add water to it until it is damp. Mix the soil with your hand or a trowel until it is evenly damp. Do not allow the soil to become soggy, or the seeds will rot. You will need a well-draining soil. Lemon trees love water, but they hate to sit in it.
Try to get a pasteurized soil mix. Pasteurization gets rid of any bacteria that can kill seeds.
Choose a small pot with drainage holes. The pot should be about 3 to 4 inches (7.62 to 10.16 centimeters) wide, and 5 to 6 inches (12.7 to 15.24 centimeters) deep
Your pot must have drainage holes
Fill the pot with soil. Stop when the top of the soil is about 1 inch (2.54 centimeters) from the rim.
citrus trees – Transplanting lemon tree:
step 1 – Test the Soil
Test the soil in the tree’s current location and the location you want to move it to. The closer they are in soil type and pH, the less the chance of transplant shock. If the soils are different, supplement the soil at the new location with fertilizer and mineral supplements. Apply the supplements to a depth of 5 feet.
Step 2 – When to Transplant
Lemon trees are best transplanted while dormant. If putting out new leaves or growing fruit, the tree will be overstressed by the move and go into shock. Transplant your tree in the early spring or fall, after the tree has fallen dormant but while the weather is still mild.
Step 3 – Prepare the Tree
Trim back the branches of the lemon tree by 1/3. This will give the roots less to support, structurally and nutritionally.
Water the tree well the night before transplanting.
Step 4 – Dig up the Tree
To ensure the bulk of the roots are maintained, provide a large root ball. The recommended size of the root ball is determined by the size of the tree. For every inch of diameter of your lemon tree’s trunk, provide 9 to 12 inches of root ball diameter (side to side) and 6 inches in depth
citrus trees – Planting of Lemon Tree:
Purchase a young lemon tree from your nursery.
Although you can start them from seed, a tree you start from seed will take far longer to reach maturity and bear fruit.
Prepare a planting area for your lemon tree in an area that receives full sun and that has well-draining soil. If your soil is heavy clay, build a raised bed at least 1 foot above the soil and plant your tree slightly above ground. Dig about two gallons of compost into the soil and then make a hole twice the size of the tree’s nursery pot.
Step 3 Remove your tree from its pot by gently loosening it. Loosen the roots slightly and then set your tree into the hole. Fill the planting hole with the soil/compost mixture you dug out and firm it down around the tree’s trunk.
Water your tree well and allow the soil to dry out between watering so the roots don’t remain too soggy
The first sign of water stress is a reduction of fruit size. However this is not very noticeable unless one is watching closely. The first noticeable sign of water stress occurs when the leaves turn a dull green and begin to curl from the edges inward
Continued stress will cause the leaves to begin to dry out and become crisp, starting at the leaf tip, and progressing until the entire leaf is dead. Finally, the leaves will fall off. Flowers and then fruits will also fall. The entire tree will die if water is withheld for an extended period of time.
Fertilizer application of Lemon Tree:
Most of the time, people know the basics of how to grow a lemon tree, but they are uncertain about lemon tree fertilizer. Fertilizer for a lemon tree should be high in nitrogen and should not have any number in the formula higher than 8 (8-8-8).
When to Apply Fertilizer for Lemon Trees:
When growing a lemon tree, you want to make sure that you apply fertilizer at the proper times. Lemon trees should be fertilized no more than four times a year and should not be fertilized in the coolest season when it is not in active growth.
weeds and pests Control
citrus trees – Cultural control consists of properly caring for lemon trees and ensuring you practice good sanitation measures when gardening. Never allow the lemon tree to become water stressed because this will make the fruit tree more susceptible to pests and problems.
You should also avoid over-watering a lemon tree because too much water encourages fungal growth and invites insects to the citrus plant.
Weeds growing near the tree provide a breeding, hiding and over wintering location for insects.
By keeping the area free of weeds, you reduce the possibility of pest infestations. Pests also hide and overwinter under fallen plant debris and leaf litter, so keep the ground free of debris. With due diligence and multiple control methods, you can protect the lemon tree from pest attacks.
Stubborn diseases : is a plant affecting species in the genus citrus and its caual agent is spiroplasma citri which make the fruits smaller and lighter
Pests And Diseases
.Sooty mold is a fungus, which causes the blackening of the leaves of citrus trees. The mold forms on the leaves as a result of honeydew secretions from insects such as whiteflies, aphids and mealybugs . Insect control is the most effective way to prevent the incidence of this disease
citrus trees – Harvesting Of Lmon Tree:
Lemons are ready to pick as soon as they are yellow or yellow green in appearance and firm. The fruit will be 2 to 3 inches in size. It’s better to wait until they are the right size and not worry so much about color than to wait for them to be completely yellow.
citrus trees – Storage Of Lemon tree:
Lemons and limes should stay fresh for about a week at room temperature if kept out of bright sunlight.
Store Lemons For Immediate Use.
If you plan to use the lemons within a few days of purchase, store them away from direct sunlight. They typically stay fresh for about one week at room temperature. After this point, they start to wrinkle, lose their vibrant color, and develop soft or hard patches.
Store Extra Lemons Sealed In The Refrigerator.
Place the lemons in zip-locked bags, squeezing out as much air as you can. In this state, the lemons may retain most of their juice and flavor for as long as four weeks.
The ideal temperature for storing ripe (yellow) lemons is between 4º and 10ºC (39–50ºF). For most refrigerators, the middle shelves or door shelves are around this temperature.
The increasing demand from EU countries such as Germany and Netherlands, among others, is seen as a boost to the export of non-traditional products.
“The dried lemon and orange peels are mainly used as infusions in the production of things like tea.
Now, using citrus peels as infusions for tea is in vogue and Ghana must take advantage of it to boost our foreign exchange earnings